• ablation- vaporization of the most superficial layers of skin
  • acne– an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands.
  • AHA- alpha hydroxy acids (fruit acids) aids in adding moisture to the skin as well exfoliation.
  • allograft- a graft from the same species as the recipient.
  • anaesthetic- a drug that makes one physically insensitive.
  • asymmetry- differences in the two sides of the face or in individual parts of the face that are in pairs.
  • autologous- occurring naturally in a certain type of tissue of the body.


  • blepharoplasty- surgery to rejuvinate the upper and/or lower eyelids,  by removing fatty or excess tissue from the eyelids.
  • botox– brand name for botulinum toxin that is injected into the muscles to smooth out wrinkles by temporarily paralyzing the contracting muscles.
  • breast augmentation- breast augmentations involve inserting a silicon or saline filled implant into the breast to increase the size and improve the shape of the breast.
  • brow lift- a surgical procedure in which droopy eyelids are elevated to a higher position.
  • cannulae- long thin hollow tubular instrument used to extract fat during liposuction.
  • carboxytherapy is the injection of carbon dioxide gas for therapeutic purposes.
  • carbon dioxide- laser technology used to resurface skin by softening wrinkles.
  • chemical peeling- a type of skin resurfacing when a chemical solution is applied to skin to promote peeling of the top layer.
  • Co-enzyme Q10- a biomarker of ageing as low levels correlate to ageing skin. It is an antioxidant that can boost skin repair and regeneration.
  • collagen- component of human that gives resilience, suppleness and tone.
  • dermabrasion- is the process of surgically scraping the skin to help lessen the appearance of scars, wrinkles, pigmentation, and pre-cancerous lesions.
  • dermaceutical-  it is a contraction of two words…dermatological and pharmaceutical. Dermaceuticals are specifically designed for use in skin care and are developed with the skills of pharmaceutical science.
  • dermatology- the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases, a unique specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist takes care of diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.
  • epidermis- is the outermost layer of skin and provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone.
  • elastin-  is a protein in connective tissue that is elastic and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting.
  • epilator- an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out.
  • exfoliation- removal of the oldest dead skin cells on the skin’s epidermis. It has been used for many years to help maintain skin.
  • facial- a procedure involving a variety of skin treatments. This may include steam, exfoliation, creams, lotions, facial masks, peels, and massage. They are normally performed in beauty salons but are also a common spa treatment.
  • Fraxel Laser – original fractional laser treatment that works below the skin’s surface from the top down, addressing imperfections like fine lines, visible photo aging, wrinkles, scarring and age spots. Fraxel light energy stimulates your skin’s natural collagen, rejuvenating skin cells below the surface to help smooth the creases and pockets that cause wrinkles and scars. Fraxel only treats targeted problem areas – so the results are focused and effective.


  • Galvanic current machine- A machine used by estheticians in facial treatments. It has two different uses depending on the polarity of the current being used. When the working electrode is the negative pole, it is used with a disincrustation solution to soften blocked sebum in pores. When it is set on the opposite polarity, it is used to soothe the skin and encourage the absorption of a water soluble treatment products.
  • glycerin- an effective natural moisturizer at low concentrations. Glycerin is a humectant, and at higher concentrations attracts moisture from the environment. It is commonly used in skin creams, lotions, skin cleansers and soap as it helps condition the skin.


  • Hamam- an Islamic bath characterized by a vaulted ceiling and a raised, heated marble platform called a hararat, which is used for massage or exfoliation.
  • herbal wrap- the body is enveloped in warm linen sheets that have been soaked in a special blend of herbs that induce perspiration to draw toxins from the skin.
  • High frequency machine- a machine that generates a rapidly oscillating electrical current that is transmitted through glass electrodes. This current produces heat in the skin, which stimulates circulation. It also produces ozone, which acts as a germicide to kill bacteria.


  • inflammation- skin can get inflamed when irritated by foreign substances. Contact dermatitis is the most common type of inflammation.


  • Jojoba Oil- naturally moisturizing, healing, and beneficial for all skin types. This liquid wax produced is from the seed of the Jojoba simmondsia chinensis shrub. It is very similar to the oil our skin produces and it will not aggravate acne. It is also an excellent scalp treatment.


  • keratin- the key structural material making up the outer layer of human skin. It is also the key structural component of hair and nails.


  • liposuction- a cosmetic surgery procedure that removes fat from various regions of the body using an instrument called a cannula.


  • mica-  sparkly mineral powders that was once mined from the earth.
  • moisturisers- treats dry skin and forms a barrier on the skin to prevent further moisture loss and environmental damage.


  • neem oil- antiseptic, antibacterial and antiviral oil that is used in lice killing shampoos.


  • oxides: non sparkly coloured powders.


  • pathenol: a vitamin (B5) that is good for hair and skin.
  • peptides: composed of amino acids and added to cosmetics to treat wrinkles.


  • Q10: a co-enzyme added to cosmetics for its antioxidant activity.


  • retinol: an acid made from vitamin A. It is an antioxidant that is great for fine lines and wrinkles.


  • Sphingolipids -potent antiaging active ingredients that can increase the skin’s lipid content and can repair damaged barriers.



  • toner: used after cleansing to normalize the pH of the skin.


  • ubiquinones: a group of qunones used as antioxidants and skin conditioning ingredients in cosmetics.


  • vitamin A: a yellow liquid, used for its skin healing properties.
  • vitamin C: ascorbic acid, a naturally occurring antioxidant.


  • wheat amino acids: emulsifier used in hair and skin conditioners.
  • wheat germ extract: extract of wheat germ used in anti-ageing products.


  • xanthan gum: a gum widely used as a thickener, emulsifier and stabilizer.


  • yeast extract: used in facial moisturizers.


  • zinc oxide:  used in sun protection.

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